The fight with mice in the house and at the cottage
In the animal world, a certain niche is occupied by a rodent squad. In the process of evolution, they have mastered almost all corners of the planet where you can find food and shelter. The relatively small species of animals of this order — mice — are especially annoying and cause great trouble to humans, and even rats are raised in domestic animals. Not all rodents living on the same territory with humans are pests and are subject to destruction. Some people live all their lives in the natural environment and are not interested in the contents of human bins, but some species are constant companions of humans, although they live freely in the natural environment. Such animal species are called synatropic. These include a house mouse. The house mouse is omnivorous and calmly takes root in any place where there is food, but still prefers “comfortable” conditions for coexistence with people in their homes.
Small, from 6 to 9 cm long, with soft gray fur and black beads of large eyes, such an innocuous in appearance, a brownie mouse is a formidable pest. She not only spoils food and things in the house, but also is a peddler of all kinds of diseases, including plague, typhoid fever, tularemia, hemorrhagic fever, yersiniosis or pseudotuberculosis, leptospirosis and others.
Mice can infect foods, underwear, clothes and pass helminth eggs, including tape, E. coli, fleas, ticks, to humans. They are not only a direct, but also an indirect source of human infection through dogs, cats and other animals. People can mate each other through parasite bites. Therefore, the fight against domestic rodents is a necessary measure of protection against pests, which are a source of infection of humans and animals. A disposable layout of poisons or folk remedies will not help get rid of house mice. In order to remove rodents from the house and limit their number in the house area, complex measures are necessary, including:
- use of repellers,
- the use of folk remedies.
Preventive measures from mice
When erecting summer cottages as building materials, especially internal wall heaters, it is necessary to use those that are not suitable for domestic rodents for living (mineral and basalt cotton wool, glass wool, etc.). All voids are closed from mice with cement with broken glass.
Residential building outside must be protected from the penetration of mice into the interior. Install small metal grilles or other devices on the ventilation pipes, windows, preventing mice from entering the house.
Keep all household courtyard buildings clean and systematically carry out the deratization of the adjacent premises.
Cleaning in the house and utility rooms must always be done in a wet manner using disinfectants.
Keep food and their supplies out of the reach of rodents in clogged dishes.
To conduct constant monitoring of the sanitary condition of the yard (to clean trash, garbage pits), monitoring basements, cellars, vegetable pits and other utility and court rooms.
How to protect the house from mice?
Chemicals for rats and mice
Chemicals are divided into pesticides of urgent and prolonged action. Urgent toxic chemicals cause the death of the pest several hours after the bait is eaten. Pesticides with prolonged action gradually accumulate in the body of the pest and cause death after a certain time.
The chemical industry supplies the markets with a huge amount of pesticides in the form of powders, gels, pastes, adhesives, liquid solutions. When using chemical poisonous substances, it is necessary to be extremely careful, since they destroy not only mice, but are deadly for pets, affect the health of home owners and children. Currently, the most common drugs are Cyclone, Storm, and Rat Death. They cause suffocation of the pest, and he leaves his home in an open space to breathe, where he dies.
Exit of the pest to the open space facilitates its cleaning from the premises. Similar properties are possessed by the Nutcracker, Anti-rodent, Zoocoumarin, and Hunter preparations. Chemical preparations are distinguished by additives that attract pests. These drugs are used only indoors. Before use, you must carefully read the recommendations and strictly follow them.
Attention! It should be remembered that one of the first symptoms of the action of poison on a rodent is a slowdown in actions and reactions. Such rodents often become the prey of wild predators and pets. That is, poison enters the body of the animal along with the mouse, which causes poisoning, in some cases with a fatal outcome.
In order to kill pests more widely, they use the biological product “Baktorodencid”, which causes infection of mouse typhus throughout the population through eaten bait (processed grain, cereals, etc.). The basis of the drug are microorganisms that are not dangerous to humans and animals.
Physical Pest Management
Cats live in every farmhouse. There is a breed of cat trap. The villagers are dismantled instantly. A very good “adaptation” for catching mice. But, in this case, poisonous baits need to be laid in places inaccessible to animals and use drugs that do not affect their health. It is more advisable to use pesticides in the fall, when the animals are taken to a winter apartment.
The methods of physical destruction of mice and other domestic rodent pests include various types and types of traps.
Removing the bait from the hook, the mouse releases the spring and dies from the blow.
Mouse Bait in Plastic Bottles
You can make yourself several types of mousetraps. The easiest is to cut off the top on the shoulders of the bottle. Lubricate the inner surface with any liquid oil or strips of glue from mice and put the bait on the bottom. Insert the cut off top of the bottle as a lid into the vase and seal with tape. Fix the bottle on the table and put it on its side. The mouse behind the bait will climb into the bottle, but will not be able to exit. A few mice will cram into the bottle.
You can bottle without cutting off the top, fasten on a twine or fishing line by the neck and put on the edge of the table. Inside, place a piece of fat greased with unrefined sunflower oil, or a piece of sausage. The mouse will crawl inside and under its load the bottle will hang in the air on a twine. Plastic bottle traps come in many varieties. One has only to make imagination.
Catching a mouse in a metal bucket
Half the water is poured into a high metal bucket, and the top is closed with a newspaper with an X-shaped cut in the center. A light bait is placed on it, and a ruler is placed on the bucket. The mouse scents the line and tries to run to the bait. On the X-shaped section, it sinks into a bucket of water and sinks. You can not pour water, but simply carry it away and throw away the mouse that fell into the bucket. They take a metal bucket, lubricate it inside with oil so that the mouse does not run away. They can even jump out of a low bucket.
Glue trap for mice
For people with strong nerves, you can use the "glue trap." Special glue from the mice “Kotofey”, “Clean House”, ‘Alt’, ‘Euroguard’ is applied to any hard surface (cardboard, board) with a layer of at least 1 cm, and an aromatic bait is placed in the middle. Several mice can stick to the glue surface, but their squeak will not withstand any. By sticking to the bait, the mice cannot hide. They can be destroyed outside the home.
The electronic trap is equipped with a sensor and as soon as the mouse enters the trap behind the bait, the sensor is triggered and an electrical discharge, fatal to the animal, is turned on. An electric trap is good because it is safe to use and does not harm the health of owners and pets.
All types of traps have one drawback. They require recharging after a one-time action.
Mouse repellent plants
In natural conditions, wild herbaceous and shrubby plants grow, which are used to control indoor rodents. These include repellent plants that have a specific odor that rodents cannot tolerate.
- elderberry black, red, grassy,
- common wormwood, wormwood
- marsh rosemary,
- black root or rat rat
- pharmaceutical camomile,
Plant repellents are poisonous to rodents. Mice cannot stand the smell of these plants and leave such places for a long period, and sometimes forever. In the summer, fresh shoots, inflorescences (chamomile, feverfew) are used, scattering them on the floor, suspended in bunches in bunches throughout the room. In winter, finely chopped, placed in small bags of natural fabric and laid out in the most frequent occurrence of rodents.
If the owners do not want to mess with herbs, you can buy aromatic oils at a pharmacy or specialty stores. Soak small napkins or pieces of cotton wool and place around the house in places where rodents can sit. You can use peppermint oil. But because of the strong irritating aroma, it is better to place the cloth impregnated with it directly in the mouse burrows and seal them tightly.
Another group of raticides plants is used to prepare poison baits from mice and rats. It must be remembered that these plants are very toxic to humans and animals. When preparing baits, you need to work with them very carefully, in the appropriate sanitary equipment (gown, goggles and gloves, a multi-layer gauze dressing are required).
The bait is made in the form of mixtures of raticides and any food bait (cereals, grains). The mixture is thoroughly mixed and laid out in places inaccessible to pets (cats, dogs, parrots, etc.).
- The raven eye is four-leafed. Rhizomes are ground, added to attract roasted seed or whole sunflower seeds. The bait is prepared from a mixture of 5 g of the rhizomes of the raven eye and 100 g of sunflower seeds.
- Aconite. Powders are prepared from tubers, which are stored in an inaccessible place. 1 kg of any edible bait (cereal, grain) is mixed with 50 g of powder.
- Thermopsis lanceolate. Seeds and the upper part of the above-ground mass are crushed with a crush, mixed with bread and laid out in selected places.
- The hellebore Lobel. 100 g of fresh rhizomes of hellebore are poured into a glass of heated water mixed with a few drops of hydrochloric acid. This mixture is insisted for 4-5 days. In the infusion on the 6th day, add grain and leave until swelling. They are laid out in selected places or directly in minks, like the rest of the mixture.
- Castor oil plant ordinary. The seeds are ground, mixed with cereal, a little unrefined sunflower oil is added. The bait is laid out in places where mouse minks and other habitats are found.
- Colchicum is autumn. 20-30 g of seeds are mixed with kg of cereals or flour and laid out in the mice.
Of other plants, they are deadly poisonous.:
- ordinary dope,
- black bleached
- hemlock spotted,
- belena and others.
Remember! With poisonous plants, especially from the group of deadly poisonous, it is imperative to work with gloves, glasses, face dressing and protective clothing.
Spiky plants from mice
Mice are characterized by increased cleanliness. All the time free from food searches, they spend on the sanitary cleaning of their fur coat. Any plants that form prickly fruits are their enemies. Mice hate plants whose prickly fruits cling to their fur and leave such places forever. These plants include
- black root seeds
- garden sow thistle,
- a series of tripartite,
- burdock and many others.
Thorny fruits are scattered around places where grain, vegetables, fruits and other products are stored. Mice are not found in such storages.
There are cases when mice are found in the house, and there are no drugs at hand. You can use the most ordinary, self-made baits in the form of solutions or solid mixtures.
In the fall, upon final departure, saucers and plates with a solution of vinegar essence can be placed in rooms and utility rooms. Mice can not stand the smell and leave, sometimes forever from such premises. The solution should stand in the room for at least 7-10 days.
Leaving housing before the spring, you can mix naphthalene with any bulk material (peat, sawdust) and put it on film, plywood, cardboard on the premises. The smell of naphthalene is unbearable for mouse-like rodents and they leave the room.
Laying the products for winter storage, to scare mouse rodents on top of vegetables, we lay bunches of wormwood. Scatter boric acid, ash around the floor. Irritation from the drugs used drives pests from the premises.
In the spring-summer period, you can cook your own baits that are safe for owners and country animals.
- Barium carbon balls. Mix in a ratio of 4 to 2 parts, respectively, flour and barium carbonate. Knead the dough and place the balls in minks or places where mice appear most often.
- Mix the flour and dry putty in the same ratio, add water and form balls, dice from the dough and put them in the burrows or push them into the burrows.
- Prepare a mixture of gypsum and flour, respectively, in a ratio of 1: 3. A few drops of unrefined sunflower oil are added to the mixture and, having thoroughly mixed, are laid out on saucers in secluded places of the room.
- A mixture of 2 parts of rosin, 2 parts of powdered sugar and 1.5 parts of borax is prepared. This mixture is deadly for rats.
- Prepare vinegar balls. Knead flour on table vinegar instead of water.
Note, when preparing baits, mixtures are prepared with gloves. If there are rats in the house, they will not take the bait with the smell of a person. Work should only be done with gloves, mixing the ingredients with spatulas.
Rodent control on the site and in garden plantings
Different types of rodents in the home garden can cause significant harm. They gnaw on the bark and roots of young horticultural crops, which leads to the death of plants. The most common species of small rodents are field and forest mice, wild, gray and black rats. In natural conditions, mouse-like rodents live no more than 1.5-2.0 years, but they are very fertile and can quickly fill garden-berry and garden plantings. Throughout life, each individual brings 7-10 offspring and in each litter 15 or more newborn mice.
They are able to penetrate and stay for a long winter time in homes, harming foods, furniture, wearable and other things. In addition to these rodents, shrews often live in the garden. Unlike mice, they have very small eyes and an elongated elongated muzzle. Shrews are orderlies in summer cottages and they cannot be destroyed. They use caterpillars of insects, spiders, slugs, worms, beetles, wood lice and other small pests for food.
Of course, and they can harm garden plants when, in search of food, they undermine the roots of garden crops, but still bring more benefits.It is unfortunate that due to the resemblance to mouse pests, shrews often die when rodents are etched.
Food Based Bait
To save shrews and drive out pests, you can use methods that attract only mice and rats.
The basis is the bait of various pesticides based on plant foods: boiled vegetables, cereals, bread, cereals, grains, flour. The baits are placed directly at the minks or even in the minks themselves. After 3-6 days, the effect of the baits is checked and the procedure is repeated. Prevention is more effective, including the use of plant repellents and raticides.
Use of plant repellents and raticides
Plant elderberry bushes, ledum, tansy, mint, wormwood and other repellent plants around the summer cottage area behind the hedge. Rodents and the smell of some garden plants do not tolerate: garlic, coriander, tops of tomatoes and potatoes. Plant garden beds with coriander, lavender, planting chrysanthemums, garlic. There will be both benefits and protection. By the way, repellent plants effectively protect the root systems of flower crops from damage by rodents.
For winter protection of young plantings of berry plants and gardens from the invasion of rodents, tops of tomatoes and potatoes are used. The tops are chopped and laid around the boles of garden and berry crops. In the spring, half-rotten tops are planted in the soil. It turns out additionally organic fertilizer.
Chemerica rhizome is ground into powder and added to the mixture for whitewashing trees. In the same way, use an infusion of thermopsis herb. Thermopsis infusion is mixed with a filler (sawdust, shavings, peat) and embedded shallow into the soil of the trunk circle.
As a rule, young seedlings in the early years for the winter are sheltered from frost, using different cover fabrics, reeds, coniferous paws and other material as insulation. If you mix or lay the used protective material with the stems of plant repellents and raticides, not a single small pest comes close to young plantings. The lower edge of the protective material needs to be dug into the soil to a depth of 4-5 cm. In winter, hitting the cottage after the next snowfall, you need to trample the snow around the house, the bar of trees. Mice in the snow will lose track and go to a safe place.
Of non-herbal remedies, a mixture of sawdust with a solution of creolin in a ratio of 1:10 parts of the drug and water is effective. Bunnies of grass smeared with birch tar or bundles of dog hair from yard dogs will help with hares. The smell of a dog drives out hares.
Using rat and mouse repellers
A harmless, but quite effective means of expelling rodents from their summer cottage are repellers. They are divided into several types:
The simplest and most commonly used repellers are mechanical. They can be made independently in the form of various turntables. Shrews and moles do not like vibration and they are the first to leave the site, moving to a quiet zone.
Electronic repellers are based on the creation of ultrasonic vibrations that constantly change their frequency. They work on batteries. The range of one device is not less than 20 square meters. m. Install in the garden plot several pieces. With continuous operation for a month, rodents leave an unpleasant place. Recently, new types of ultrasonic repellers have been developed. Their action covers an area of up to 1 hundredths, which is very convenient. Ultrasonic repellers Antikrot, Grad, Tornado, Chiston are most familiar to summer residents. When installing them, it is imperative that all points of recommendations for installation and operation are followed.
Naturally, in one article it is impossible to cover all methods of extermination of rodents in the premises and in garden-berry-garden plantings. We invite readers to share their secrets of protection against rodent pests.