Ursinia - bright flowers of persistent clinouses
The festive and cheerful look of the not so modest annual ursinia invariably evokes a smile. Undemanding, modest in care, but impressive and catchy, this beauty is able to become the star of the collection of fashionable summers. Golden baskets and bright green growing in breadth, but easily controlled bushes, and the modest demands of ursinia can only compete with its endurance. This beauty blooms right up to the frost, relentlessly releasing new inflorescences and decorating garden ensembles in the second half of the season.
Golden cheerfulness of clinowaxes
Flower growers lovingly call ursinia “clinovysik”, and in the homeland it is known under the big name “treasure of fields”. But as this summer let’s not be called, one thing is certain: it is one of the most elegant annual plants with basket inflorescences. Ursinia conquers with its optimism, surprisingly colorful and catchy appearance. Even her leaves are festive, and about the inflorescences, as well as asking for bouquets, and it is unnecessary to speak.
Ursinia (Ursinia) - a genus of plants of the Astrovian family (Asteraceae), numbering about 60 species of herbaceous plants and shrubs, in the wild, growing mainly on the African continent.
Ursinia - grassy summers, perennials and shrubs with odorous bare or pubescent stems, on which pinnately dissected or pinnately incised, with beautiful jagged edges, are arranged alternately. The color of greens is bright, saturated, it always seems fresh, as if the plant had just been added.
Ursinium inflorescences are classic baskets. They bloom alone or in bundles of inflorescences, each flower is clearly visible. Orange or yellow reed flowers with a rounded edge and a dark brown-red back and dark, fragrant, small tubular flowers in the center create surprisingly beautiful “daisies”. The center of the inflorescences, though not large, but due to the contrast, seems surprisingly catchy. After flowering, ribbed seeds decorated with tuft of tufts are tied.
Types and varieties of ursinia
Ursinia, in spite of the fact that the genus also has perennial species, is cultivated as an annual in decorative gardening even in regions with mild winters. Lush and long flowering so depletes the plants that it is impossible to achieve success in subsequent years. Ursinia is grown not only as a garden crop, but also as a houseplant. And no matter in what form they grow and no matter how they are used, the clinowaxes still remain bright and attractive.
In gardening, they actively use:
- ursinia dill (ursinia anethoides) - a summer with a height of up to 40 cm, forming a lush, densely bushy crown, over which orange baskets of inflorescences up to 5 cm in diameter bloom with a solid pillow. The leaves are narrowly dissected, seem airy-light (the only species of ursinia, in which the flowers bloom over the green even on cloudy and rainy days). Dill ursinia has a wonderful dwarf variety "Aurora" - a summer tree up to 30 cm high with orange baskets of inflorescences decorated with cherry spots at the base of reed flowers.
- ursinia beautiful (ursinia speciosa) from 30 to 40 cm high with smaller, but graceful baskets of inflorescences with a diameter of up to 4 cm; the inflorescences of this beauty blossom only in fine weather, but then the flowering starts earlier - in the middle of June (in addition to the basic form with a golden-orange color, there is the Albida variety with a white center of baskets and late flowering starting in July);
- dwarf ursinia (ursinia pygmaea) up to 15 cm tall with numerous orange inflorescences, very beautiful carved foliage (distinguished not by the size of the inflorescences, but by their number);
- ursinia multicolored (ursinia anthemoides subsp. versicolor), forming tall, half-meter bushes with golden five-centimeter baskets of inflorescences sitting on thin slender peduncles; the baskets look charming thanks to a dark spot at the base of reed flowers, echoing the brown center of tubular flowers.
In the design of gardens ursinia is used:
- in the design of flower beds from summer books;
- on mixed flower beds and mixborders;
- in borders and narrow discounts;
- to create catchy single accents on the lawn;
- as a cut plant;
- for decorating street flowerpots, stone flower girls, balcony drawers;
- in potted gardens on balconies, terraces, in recreation areas.
Conditions required by ursinia
In order for ursinia to become the star of the summer collection and bloom relentlessly from July until frost, it is only necessary to provide it with the minimum conditions - a sunny location with fertile high-quality soil. This yearbook does not tolerate shading, but he is not afraid of drafts and winds, because the bushes are dense and the shoots are strong. True, ursinia will not bloom as abundantly in cold, uncomfortable areas as in warm places.
As for the soil, drainage, light texture and nutrition are the only parameters that are important for ursinia. It does not tolerate moisture stagnation and waterlogging, but the plant can be planted anywhere, provided the soil composition and drainage are improved (without improvement, plant growth on heavy, clay, dense soil will be inhibited). For ursinia, you need to dig the soil deep.
Ursia Care Features
Ursinia is an undemanding summer. It will bloom beautifully even without care, but if you want to achieve really spectacular and plentiful, and most importantly lasting more than one month of flowering, provide the plant with minimal care. First of all - during the heat and drought, compensate for the weather with moderate, rare, at least minimal watering. The hotter, the more often water the bushes - and ursinia will survive even the most extreme summers.
Since the inflorescences of this crop are large, blooming in stunning quantities for 3 or more months, ursinia quickly depletes the soil. And the loss of nutrients must be compensated by applying at least 1 time per month or 1 time in 20 days full mineral fertilizers in a standard dosage.
Ursinia does not grow upward, but in breadth, the curtains are becoming more voluminous and magnificent. But the plant is very easy to control: if you want to keep the summer more compact, miniature, then just cut off unnecessary shoots, "pacify" it from all sides.
Ursinia is quite cold-resistant and in autumn, at the first lowering of night temperatures, it is by no means the first to complete flowering. She will show off in compositions right up to the first serious frosts and decorate the autumn garden with her cheerful curtains.
Ursinia pests and diseases
Ursinia as a whole can be considered a fairly persistent flyer. With thickened plantings, waterlogging for this plant, the danger is posed by neighbors affected by powdery mildew. But of the pests in ursinia, aphids most often settle.
If problems arise, the struggle is useless, it is better to wait until the flowering is complete and throw the plant away, than to spray the bushes with insecticides for a long time and without success. Better take the time to prevent contamination of neighboring crops.
Growing ursinia from seeds
Like all flyers, ursinia can only be propagated by seed. At the same time, a persistent beauty prefers sowing in open ground.
Crops directly into the soil are carried out in late April or the first decade of May. Seeds are better not to deepen too much and sprinkle quite rarely. Seedlings after the appearance of the first true leaf are thinned, leaving 1 plant for every 15-20 cm of soil.
Ursinia propagates through seedlings only if they want to accelerate flowering. Crops need to be carried out early, at the end of February or March. In this case, it is better to sow ursinia in large containers. They can sprout without shelter with film or glass in any warm room. After sowing, the seeds should not be covered with soil, but with a layer of sterile sand (height - 2-3 cm).
As they grow, release these leaves, young shoots should be peaked in separate containers. Ursinia seedlings are planted in the soil, maintaining a distance of 20 to 30 cm between plants only after the threat of late frost has disappeared.